During the preparation of this report, the authors studied numerous materials and articles analyzing the situation in Russia and the country’s future prospects. Of special interest were reports prepared by the Institute of Contemporary Development (INSOR), the Center for Strategic Studies, the Institute of Sociology at the Russian Academy of Sciences (jointly with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation), the National Research University–Higher School of Economics, the Levada Center, the Institute of Strategic Assessments and Analysis, the Institute of Public Design, the Political Criticism Workshop, and other organizations. The authors are grateful to the many prominent experts and analysts who discussed earlier versions of this report and contributed their views. They include, above all, Leonid GRIGORIEV, head of the World Economy Chair of the National Research University Higher School of Economics; Fyodor LUKYANOV, Editor-in-Chief of Russia in Global Affairs; and Vladimir RYZHKOV, professor at the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Other experts who participated in the discussions at various stages of the report’s preparation include: Anatoly ADAMISHIN, President of the Association for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation; Pavel ANDREEV, head of the International Projects Center at Russian News & Information Agency RIA Novosti and Executive Director of the Valdai Club Foundation; Alexander ARKHANGELSKY, literary critic, publicist, television host and writer; Timofei BORDACHEV, Deputy Dean of the School of International Economics and Foreign Affairs and Director of the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics; Mikhail DELYAGIN, Chairman of the Presidium and Scientific Supervisor at the Institute for Globalization Studies; Mikhail DMITRIYEV, President of the Center for Strategic Studies; Piotr DUTKIEWICZ, Director and professor at the Centre for Governance and Public Management at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada); Vladislav INOZEMTSEV, Research Director at the Center for Post-Industrial Studies; Timothy COLTON, professor and Chair of the Department of Government at Harvard University, former director of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies (Boston, U.S.); Olga KRYSHTANOVSKAYA, General Director of the Institute of Applied Politics; Yuri KUBLANOVSKY, poet and publicist; Alexander RAHR, Director of the Berthold Beitz Center at the German Council on Foreign Relations (Berlin, Germany); Vitaly TRETYAKOV, Dean of the Higher Television School Faculty at Moscow State University, the author and host of the “What to Do?” TV program, and General Director of the Independent Publishing Group; Mikhail FEDOTOV, adviser to the Russian president, Chairman of the Presidential Council on Civil Society and Human Rights; FENG Shaolei, professor and Director of the Center for Russian Studies at the School of Advanced International and Area Studies, East China Normal University (Shanghai, China); and Igor YURGENS, Chairman of the Board of the Institute of Contemporary Development. The authors express their special gratitude to Sergei KARAGANOV, Chairman of the Valdai Discussion Club and Dean of the School of International Economics and Foreign Affairs at the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Many of his ideas underlie this report. The theses were considered at the Valdai Discussion Club meeting in Kaluga on November 7—9, 2011 as part of a considerably broader discussion involving over 60 speakers. Many of the remarks and proposals made were taken into consideration in drawing up this final version of the theses. The theses will be passed to Russia’s leadership and put forward for public discussion.